A Silver Medal is Not Good Enough

Mobilising Ourselves to Deter Another War in Europe

Tentative Agenda


26 September 


Pre-event, in cooperation with Milrem Robotics and DefSecIntel: Technology and Warfare – How to Stay Ahead of the Game? 

What emerging disruptive technologies will be shaping the future character of warfare? What can small nations—such as Estonia—offer in the pursuit of technological superiority and qualitative edge over their adversaries? What insights can we draw from the ongoing war in Ukraine? How are these insights informing the perspective of the defence industry? Which concepts for technology and its employment is the war validating, modifying, or rendering irrelevant? 

Dr Jack WATLING, Senior Research Fellow for Land Warfare, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), the author of The Arms of the Future: Technology and Close Combat in the Twenty-First Century (Bloomsbury, 2023)  

Jüri PAJUSTE, Director of Defence R&D, Milrem Robotics 

Jaanus TAMM, President and CEO, DefSecIntel

Moderator: Andrius BIVAINIS, Research Fellow, Baltic Advanced Technology Institute 



Pre-event, in cooperation with the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: The State of Arms Control – Taking a Time Out or Throwing the Towel In? 

What are the implications of disintegrating arms control and confidence-building regimes in Europe? What risks and opportunities does this present? How will Russia’s ongoing war against Ukraine and its potential outcomes influence future prospects of arms control? What should be the geopolitical and strategic conditions under which new arms control initiatives could be attempted? 

Opening words by Martin ROGER, Director General for NATO and Transatlantic Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia 

Dr Ian ANTHONY, Research Analyst, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) 

Kalev STOICESCU, Chairman of the National Defence Committee, Riigikogu (Parliament of Estonia) 

Tõnis IDARAND, Research Fellow, ICDS 

Moderator: Arti HILPUS, Director of Arms Control Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia 



Opening Session: Defending Every Inch – Time for Some Proper Weightlifting 

Keynote speeches by 

Kaja KALLAS, Prime Minister of Estonia 


General Darryl A. WILLIAMS, Commander of Allied Land Command and US Army Europe and Africa 


Session discussion panel: 

Pekka TOVERI, Member of Eduskunta (Parliament of Finland) 

Max BERGMANN, Director of Europe, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) 

Moderator: Dr Maria MÄLKSOO, Professor of International Relations, Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen 



Dinner hosted by Hanno PEVKUR, Minister of Defence of Estonia (Restaurant Nomel, Nordic Hotel Forum)



’Night Owls’ Session by Royal United Services Institute (RUSI): War in Ukraine – What’s the Score? 

What is the ‘tactical-operational’ and ‘operational -strategic’ state of play of Ukrainian offensive? How might the fighting develop over the winter and from Spring 2024? How likely is it that the Russian armed forces will resume large scale offensive operations? What are the future prospects and challenges for the future of the Black Sea maritime blockade and grain initiative? What are Ukraine’s expectations and vision on the nature of the war and on which terms it might end? 

Professor Justin BRONK, Senior Research Fellow for Airpower and Technology 

Dr Jack WATLING, Senior Research Fellow for Land Warfare 

Dr Maryna VOROTNYUK, Associate Fellow  

Moderator: Ed ARNOLD, Research Fellow for European Security 



27 September 


Breakfast Breakout Sessions 

Defence and Deterrence in the Indo-Pacific – Is There a Gameplan? 

How is the strategic landscape evolving in the Indo-Pacific? What deterrence approaches are emerging across the region in response to China? How did Russia’s war against Ukraine affect the security dynamics across the Indo-Pacific? How can NATO and the EU build closer security relations with partners in the region? 

Meia NOUWENS, Senior Fellow, International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 

Dr Liselotte ODGAARD, Professor, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, and Non-Resident Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute 

Dr Tomonori YOSHIZAKI, Professor, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (TUFS)  

Baiba BRAŽE, Ambassador for Special Assignments, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia

Moderator: Dr Iro SÄRKKÄ, Senior Research Fellow, Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) 


Defence Industry and Innovation – Whose Court is the Ball In? 

How can the rejuvenation and growth of the European defence industry be encouraged? How should governments ensure sound transatlantic defence industrial relations? How can Europe cooperate with defence industrial partners in the Indo-Pacific? What should be the balance between traditional industries and the involvement of new industries cultivating emerging disruptive technologies (EDTs)? 

Jonas CEDERLÖF, Policy Officer, Directorate for Defence Industry and Space, European Commission 

Kadi SILDE, Chief Operating Officer, Defence Innovation Accelerator North Atlantic (DIANA) 

Giedrimas JEGLINSKAS, Senior Advisor, Accenture EU AI and Data Lab 

James BLACK, Assistant Director, Defence and Security, RAND Europe  

Moderator: Brig Gen (ret) Jaak TARIEN, former Director of NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence 



Keynote Session: Making the Powerplay Count 

Keynote speeches by 

Hanno PEVKUR, Minister of Defence of Estonia 


Boris PISTORIUS, Minister of Defence of Germany 

Discussion moderator: Dr Kristi RAIK, Deputy Director, ICDS

* The keynote speeches of the session are on the record, the discussion is under the Chatham House Rule






Session One: Russia’s Threat – How Deep is Their Bench? 

How quickly will Russia reconstitute its military power? When, where, and how might it be used next? Will the next war involving Russia be technology-centric or attrition heavy? Can its defence industry deliver under the sanctions? What lessons are being learned by Russia from its war against Ukraine? What would be the nature of the threat if Russia is in domestic turmoil? 

Kęstutis BUDRYS, Chief National Security Advisor, Lithuanian President’s Office

Kaupo ROSIN, Director General, Estonian Foreign Intelligence Service

Tomas MALMLÖF, Senior Scientist, Division for Defence Analysis, FOI 

Clinton REACH, International Defence Researcher, RAND Corporation

Moderator: Dr Michael ROULAND, Strategic Advisor, Russia Strategic Initiative, US European Command 






Keynote Session: Responding to the Threat – How Can We Set the Right Pace for a Long Run? 

Lt. Gen. Ralph W. WOODDISSE KBE CBE MC, Commander Field Army, British Army

* The keynote speech is on the record, the Q&A segment is under the Chatham House Rule



Session Two: Euro-Atlantic Strategy – Full Court Defence and Beyond 

How to deter, defend against, and defeat a nuclear power? How to sustain unity and unlock critical defence investments? How to maximise the strategic benefits of all Nordic-Baltic countries being in NATO and participating in the EU defence cooperation? How is the EU contributing to the common readiness and ability to manage military threats to European security? 

Alexandre ESCORCIA, Director for Europe, North Africa, and Multilateral Action, Ministry of the Armed Forces of France

Ambassador George P. KENT, Ambassador of the United States of America to Estonia 

Dr Benedikta von SEHERR-THOß, Managing Director for Peace, Security and Defence, European External Action Service 

Maj. Gen. (ret.) Karl ENGELBREKTSON, former Commander of the Swedish Army 

Justyna GOTKOWSKA, Deputy Director, Centre for Eastern Studies (OSW) 

Moderator: Imants LIEGIS, Associate Fellow, Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA) 






Session Three: Implementation – Home Run or Strikeout? 

What is the state of play for implementing NATO’s new forward defence strategy? How are Allies, large and small, performing in rebuilding their capabilities? What gaps, shortfalls, and structural deficiencies must be addressed urgently and in the long term? Can this be done in a more coordinated and collaborative manner? What roles do NATO and the EU play in this regard? 

Tuuli DUNETON, Undersecretary for Defence Policy, Ministry of Defence of Estonia 

Jörg SEE, NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Defence Policy and Planning 

Lt. Gen. Jürgen-Joachim von SANDRART, Commander of the Multinational Corps Northeast 

Peter WATKINS, Associate Fellow, Chatham House, and Non-Resident Research Fellow, ICDS, former Director General for Security Policy in the UK Ministry of Defence 

Moderator: Missy RYAN, Pentagon Correspondent, The Washington Post 



Closing Session: Way Forward – Taking the Gloves Off 

Kusti SALM, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Defence of Estonia 

Farewell words by the organisers 


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